TextilePEG 400: Exploring Properties, Uses, and Benefits

May 23, 2023by alpha0


PEG 400, also known as polyethylene glycol 400, is a versatile and widely used chemical compound with a variety of applications. It is a water-soluble, low-molecular-weight polyethylene glycol that offers excellent solubility, lubricity, and stability properties. PEG 400 is commonly utilized in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, personal care products, and industrial applications. It serves as a valuable ingredient in topical formulations, ointments, creams, and oral solutions. PEG 400 also finds use as a solvent, plasticizer, and binder in various industries such as food, textiles, and plastics. With its favorable properties and diverse range of applications, PEG 400 plays a crucial role in enhancing the performance and characteristics of numerous products.

PEG 400 Properties:

PEG 400, also known as polyethylene glycol 400, is a clear, colorless, and viscous liquid. It is a polyether compound consisting of repeating ethylene oxide units. PEG 400 is soluble in water, alcohols, and many organic solvents. It has a low volatility and a high boiling point, making it stable at high temperatures. PEG 400 is non-toxic and considered safe for various applications.


  • Pharmaceutical and Medical Industry: PEG 400 finds extensive use in the pharmaceutical and medical industry. It is utilized as a solvent, excipient, or carrier for active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) in drug formulations. PEG 400 helps enhance the solubility, stability, and bioavailability of drugs. It is also used in the production of topical creams, ointments, and suppositories due to its emollient properties.
  • Personal Care Products: PEG 400 is commonly found in personal care products such as lotions, creams, and cosmetics. It acts as a humectant, helping to retain moisture and prevent drying of the skin. PEG 400’s low molecular weight allows it to penetrate the skin easily, making it a useful ingredient in skincare and haircare formulations.
  • Industrial Applications: PEG 400 has several industrial applications. It is used as a lubricant, plasticizer, and humectant in various industrial processes. PEG 400 can also serve as a solvent for resins, waxes, and oils. Its versatility and compatibility with many substances make it valuable in industries such as coatings, textiles, and adhesives.
  • Chemical Reactions and Synthesis: PEG 400 is employed as a reaction medium or solvent in chemical reactions and synthesis. It provides a controlled environment for reactions and helps improve reaction rates and yields. PEG 400’s solubility and compatibility with a wide range of chemicals make it useful in organic synthesis and polymerization processes.


  • Solubility Enhancement: PEG 400 improves the solubility of poorly soluble compounds, making it valuable in drug formulations. It allows for the development of more effective and convenient dosage forms.
  • Moisturizing and Emollient Properties: PEG 400 exhibits moisturizing and emollient properties, making it beneficial in personal care products. It helps hydrate the skin, improving its softness and texture.
  • Stability and Compatibility: PEG 400 is known for its stability and compatibility with many substances, including APIs, excipients, and other ingredients. This makes it a versatile and reliable ingredient in various formulations.
  • Biocompatibility: PEG 400 is considered safe for use in pharmaceutical, medical, and personal care applications. It has low toxicity and is well-tolerated by the skin and body.


PEG 400, a versatile polyethylene glycol, finds applications in pharmaceuticals, personal care products, and various industrial sectors. Its properties, such as solubility enhancement, moisturizing effect, and stability, make it a valuable ingredient in different formulations. Alpha Chemical Corp takes pride in providing high-quality chemicals like PEG 400 to meet the diverse needs of local and multinational companies. Stay tuned for more informative blogs on chemicals as we continue to serve various sectors with our expertise.


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