CosmeticsPolysorbate 80: Properties, Functions, and Applications

May 23, 2023by alpha0


Polysorbate 80 is a commonly used emulsifier and surfactant in various industries. It is a viscous liquid that acts as a stabilizer for oil and water mixtures. Polysorbate 80 finds applications in the food and beverage industry, particularly in products like dressings, ice creams, and baked goods. It helps improve the texture and stability of these products.

Polysorbate 80 Properties:

Polysorbate 80, also known as Tween 80, is a yellowish liquid composed of sorbitol, ethylene oxide, and fatty acids derived from vegetable oils. It is a nonionic surfactant and emulsifier that is soluble in water and compatible with various other ingredients. Polysorbate 80 exhibits stability under different conditions and has a wide range of applications.


  • Emulsifier: Polysorbate 80 is widely recognized for its excellent emulsifying properties. It acts as a bridge between the water and oil phases, allowing for the formation of stable emulsions. This function is particularly useful in products that combine immiscible substances, such as creams, lotions, and pharmaceutical formulations.
  • Stabilizer: As a stabilizer, polysorbate 80 helps prevent the separation of ingredients in formulations. It enhances the stability and shelf life of products, especially those containing oil and water phases. Polysorbate 80 inhibits coalescence and sedimentation, ensuring a uniform distribution of ingredients.
  • Surfactant: Polysorbate 80 functions as a surfactant by reducing the surface tension between different substances. It improves the wetting, spreading, and dispersing characteristics of products. Polysorbate 80 is commonly used in personal care and pharmaceutical products to enhance their performance and solubilize hydrophobic compounds.


  • Food and Beverage Industry: Polysorbate 80 finds extensive use in the food and beverage industry as an emulsifier, stabilizer, and dispersant. It is commonly employed in products such as ice creams, salad dressings, baked goods, and beverages. Polysorbate 80 helps create a smooth texture, prevent ingredient separation, and improve product stability.
  • Personal Care Products: Polysorbate 80 is widely utilized in personal care products due to its emulsifying and stabilizing properties. It can be found in creams, lotions, serums, and hair care products. Polysorbate 80 enhances the texture, consistency, and absorption of these formulations, improving the overall user experience.
  • Pharmaceuticals: Polysorbate 80 is a valuable ingredient in the pharmaceutical industry. It is used in various oral, topical, and parenteral formulations to solubilize poorly water-soluble drugs, improve drug delivery, and enhance bioavailability. Polysorbate 80 helps in the formulation of emulsions, suspensions, and microemulsions.
  • Industrial Applications: Polysorbate 80 has applications in industrial processes such as the production of paints, coatings, and textiles. It aids in the dispersion of pigments, improves the stability of emulsions, and enhances the quality of the final product. Polysorbate 80’s versatility and compatibility make it a valuable ingredient in numerous industrial formulations.


Polysorbate 80 is a versatile compound with excellent emulsifying, stabilizing, and surfactant properties. It finds applications in the food and beverage industry, personal care products, pharmaceuticals, and industrial processes. The use of polysorbate 80 enhances the performance, stability, and quality of various formulations. Alpha Chemical Corp is committed to providing high-quality polysorbate 80 to meet the specific needs of customers in different industries. Stay tuned for more informative blogs on chemicals as we continue to serve the industry with our expertise.


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