TextileOxalic Acid: Properties, Applications, and Safety Considerations

May 23, 2023by alpha0

Oxalic Acid Introduction:

Oxalic Acid is a versatile organic compound widely recognized for its various industrial applications. It is a dicarboxylic acid found naturally in many plants and vegetables, including rhubarb and spinach. Oxalic Acid exhibits excellent chelating and reducing properties, making it useful in various processes. It is commonly utilized as a cleaning and bleaching agent, as well as in metal polishing and rust removal applications. Oxalic Acid is also employed in textile and leather industries, as well as in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, dyes, and chemicals. With its strong reactivity and diverse range of uses, Oxalic Acid plays a crucial role in numerous industrial and commercial operations.


Oxalic Acid, also known as ethanedioic acid, is a dicarboxylic acid with the chemical formula (COOH)₂. It exists as a white crystalline solid and is highly soluble in water. Oxalic Acid is known for its firm acidity and sour taste. It can form salts called oxalates, which are widely used in various applications.


  • Cleaning and Stain Removal: Oxalic Acid is commonly used as a cleaning agent and stain remover. Its acidic nature allows it to dissolve and remove mineral deposits, rust stains, and hard water scales from surfaces like metals, ceramics, and glass. Oxalic Acid-based cleaners are effective in restoring the appearance of stained or tarnished materials.
  • Metal Treatment: Oxalic Acid finds application in metal treatment processes. It is used for cleaning and brightening metal surfaces, particularly in industries such as automotive, aerospace, and jewelry. Oxalic Acid helps remove rust, stains, and scale from metal components, improving their aesthetic appeal and preparing them for subsequent treatments like painting or plating.
  • Wood Bleaching: Oxalic Acid is employed as a wood bleaching agent. It effectively lightens the color of wood and removes stains caused by watermarks, iron, and other substances. Woodworkers and furniture restorers often use Oxalic Acid to rejuvenate and restore the natural beauty of wooden surfaces.
  • Chelating Agent: Oxalic Acid acts as a chelating agent, forming stable complexes with various metal ions. This property is utilized in chemical processes, such as in the textile and leather industries, where Oxalic Acid helps remove metal impurities, improve dyeing performance, and enhance the quality of the final product.

Safety Considerations:

It is important to handle Oxalic Acid with care due to its corrosive properties. Protective equipment, including gloves and goggles, should be worn when working with this chemical. Proper ventilation is also crucial to avoid inhaling its fumes. Additionally, Oxalic Acid should be stored and transported in appropriate containers, away from incompatible substances.


Oxalic Acid is a versatile chemical compound with diverse applications in cleaning, metal treatment, wood bleaching, and chelation processes. Its acidic properties and ability to dissolve stains and mineral deposits make it a valuable ingredient in various industries. Alpha Chemical Corp takes pride in providing high-quality chemicals like Oxalic Acid to meet the diverse needs of local and multinational companies. Stay tuned for more informative blogs on chemicals as we continue to serve various sectors with our expertise.


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